Although all loading docks share the same basic function, their uses in specialised environments do vary. From product loading to construction support, different types of loading docks can be beneficial to different types of environments.
The most common loading dock used in transport or heavy lifting, a flush dock allows for the back of the loading truck to be flush against the entryway of a space. With a secure buffer to avoid damaging the wall, the dock is parallel to the building, maintaining easy and straightforward delivery of the items and materials to be loaded. Flush docks are typically used as a space saving measure, as they fit snugly inside the chosen warehouse or building, making them ideal for smaller businesses to utilise. Generally, this type of dock is used to benefit the manufacturing industries and those with commercial outputs to deliver.
Although rare, and unpopular with those in the trade, Open Docks are still used today. Consisting of an open platform with very little protection against natural elements – beyond a canopy – they do not create a secure enclosure for items, making them prone to theft and damage. These docks, therefore, are rarely used for the transportation of of people or easily damaged goods. The benefit, however, of open docks is the ease of access for loaders, meaning they can save time unloading and loading through the dock.
Saw Tooth Dock
A saw tooth dock is one of the most innovative when it comes to maneuvering small outdoor spaces surrounding the designated warehouse. Uniquely shaped at an angle, they can fit easily into narrow or difficult spaces, however they can be bulky to operate within the warehouse itself – wasting valuable storage space. The industry best adapted to the Saw Tooth Dock is usually those in large scale manufacturing, with enough warehouse room to accommodate their unusual size.
An enclosed dock is one of the most uncommon appliances used in deliveries. Allowing trucks to park indoors, aka inside a storage space or warehouse, gives loaders quick and easy to access to the supplies, however creates many problems after the delivery has been made. Vital but costly ventilation systems must be implemented to prevent the levels of exhaust fumes and pollution from impacting both the workers and the goods. These docks also take up a significant amount of room in warehouses, reducing the already limited space down, making it harder for workers to access equipment and supplies. Yet, they do have their advantages, as their enclosed form helps to protect valuable goods from environmental or structural damage.
These diverse docks all carry their own benefits and disadvantages, however can be put to effective use in different circumstances.